Feb. 28, 2020 — General public health officers have been urging folks to prepare — not panic — for the new coronavirus (also known as COVID-19). Individuals phone calls took on included urgency as situations of the virus have commenced to spike in international locations outdoors China. Here’s what you need to have to know to guard oneself ideal now:

Dos and Don’ts for Absolutely everyone

DO
clean your fingers for at minimum 20 seconds, numerous periods a day. Use soap and drinking water or a hand sanitizer with at minimum sixty% alcoholic beverages:

  • Prior to cooking or taking in
  • After applying the toilet
  • After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing

Really do not touch your eyes, nose, and mouth. If you have in some way appear into get in touch with with the virus, touching your experience can support it enter your overall body.

DO learn the signs and symptoms, which are equivalent to flu:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

Most situations do not start with a runny nose.

Really do not dress in a mask until you are unwell. Masks support guard other individuals from catching the virus, but donning a single when you are healthier won’t do a lot. Need has been so significant throughout the world that shortages have begun. Leave the masks for folks who seriously need to have them, like the unwell or health care experts.

DO consider having more safety measures and staying out of community spots if you are around sixty years aged, or have a ailment, as you have a greater hazard of establishing the illness. Observe that as of now, the optimum-hazard groups surface to be seniors and folks with preexisting circumstances like heart illness, chronic respiratory health conditions, and diabetes.

Really do not travel if you have a fever. If you get unwell on flight, tell crew immediately. When you get dwelling, get in touch with a health specialist.

DO rethink travel to impacted international locations. Now, the CDC advises towards all nonessential travel to China and South Korea. For folks in a greater-hazard group — seniors and folks with preexisting circumstances — the company indicates suspending nonessential travel to Italy, Japan, and Iran as well. Come across the most recent advisories right here.

Really do not panic. At this place, situations of COVID-19 in the U.S. number in the dozens. Only a single has no distinct connection to yet another nation or unwell individual.

DO: Prepare by generating certain you have supplies at dwelling in case a person will get unwell and requirements to be quarantined. This would involve prescription medicines for anybody in the family, other health supplies such as around-the-counter ache relievers, and disinfectants to clear domestic surfaces. Reports advise that coronaviruses can live on surfaces for a few hours or up to numerous times. Clean them regularly with a disinfectant to get rid of the virus.

Though COVID-19 has not nonetheless been declared a pandemic, a federal government web internet site also indicates trying to keep a two-7 days source of foodstuff and drinking water in the case of a pandemic and having copies of digital health records.

Dos and Don’ts When You Really do not Really feel Effectively

DO
search for support early if you have a fever, cough, and a challenging time respiration. But don’t just drop into the nearest urgent care clinic. Connect with your doctor to come across out the protocol initial, to make certain you won’t unfold the illness to other individuals.

Really do not go out other than to see your doctor, following contacting initial. And if you do have to go out, prevent community transportation, taxis, and experience-sharing.

DO cough or sneeze into the criminal of your elbow or a tissue, and dispose of the tissue immediately in a included bin. (You ought to be accomplishing this whether or not you suspect COVID-19 — you don’t want to unfold a widespread chilly, either.)

Really do not hang out with your family or pets if you suspect you have the virus. In order to guard them, eat and slumber separately from them, test to keep in a single space, and use a different toilet if doable. Indeed, pets are integrated in the recommendations. There has been a single report of a canine screening positive in Hong Kong for the virus. But officers there stated they are not certain the canine is in fact infected. The CDC says authorities don’t know for certain whether pets can capture it.

DO dress in a mask properly about other individuals if you suspect you may have the virus — the mask alone can be a resource of an infection if you don’t follow the rules. The Entire world Health Group has movies on when and how to use a mask.

Really do not attain for antibiotics. If you take place to have some lying about from a past ailment, you may be tempted. But antibiotics get the job done only on health problems induced by germs, and the coronavirus is — you guessed it — a virus.

WebMD senior health writer Brenda Goodman contributed to this report.

Resources

WHO: “Coronavirus Circumstance Report 37,” “Q&A on coronaviruses (COVID-19).”

The Washington Publish: “California undertakes large effort to trace contacts of woman with coronavirus.”

CDC: “Coronavirus Avoidance and Therapy,” “Symptoms,” “Information for Vacation,” “Steps to support avert the unfold of COVID-19 if you are unwell.”

Time.com: “There Aren’t More than enough Healthcare Masks to Fight Coronavirus. Here is Why It really is Not Going to Get Better Whenever Quickly.”

Division of Homeland Safety.

WHO press briefing, Feb. 28, 2020.

Business enterprise Insider, “A canine got put in coronavirus quarantine following screening a ‘weak positive,’ even though it is really unclear whether it is in fact infected.”


© 2020 WebMD, LLC. All legal rights reserved.