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Nearsightedness (Myopia) (for Parents) – Nemours Kidshealth

What Is Nearsightedness?

Nearsightedness (myopia) is a eyesight trouble that can make it challenging to see distant objects evidently.

What Are the Signs & Signs or symptoms of Nearsightedness?

Children with nearsightedness may possibly:

  • have blurred eyesight when searching at factors that are not near to them
  • hold guides, toys, or other objects closer to their confront than regular
  • squint their eyes or blink a large amount
  • have problems reading terms on a chalkboard at faculty

What Causes Nearsightedness?

Nearsightedness happens when mild that enters the eye focuses in front of the retina instead of immediately on it. This makes blurry eyesight in the distance.

It happens much more normally in faculty-age young children, especially preteens and teenagers. Nearsightedness can operate in families.

How Is Nearsightedness Identified?

An eye medical doctor can convey to if your youngster is nearsighted. They will do a routine exam that ordinarily involves:

  • inquiring about indications
  • using a spouse and children professional medical history
  • making use of dilating eye drops to thoroughly open up the pupils
  • analyzing the eyes

How Is Nearsightedness Addressed?

The eye medical doctor will prescribe eyeglasses or get hold of lenses to assist your youngster see evidently.

How Can Mom and dad Assistance?

To assist acquire treatment of your child’s eyes:

  • Get eyeglasses (or get hold of lenses if recommended). Let your youngster assist decide on the frames. Plastic frames and polycarbonate lenses are greatest for younger young children.
  • Assistance with get hold of lenses. If your youngster is old enough and the eye medical doctor thinks contacts are a very good alternative, assist your youngster abide by all directions on donning and cleaning them.
  • Go to abide by-up visits with the eye medical doctor.
  • Converse with your medical doctor about myopia handle. New treatment options can assist sluggish the development of myopia in small children.
  • Phone the medical doctor if your youngster has new indications, like:
    • complications or eye discomfort
    • blurry eyesight when donning eyeglasses or contacts
    • seeing flashing lights or floating places
    • any decline of eyesight
  • If your youngster wears contacts, get in touch with the medical doctor for indications such as:
    • eye discomfort or redness
    • substantial sensitivity to mild
    • itchy or dry eyes that never get greater with eye drops

Date reviewed: November 2020