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Bladder control: Medications for urinary problems

Bladder management: Remedies for urinary issues

Discover about prescription drugs made use of to treat bladder management issues, including how they do the job to treat urinary incontinence and attainable aspect effects.

By Mayo Clinic Employees

You’ve got specified up espresso and soda. You’ve got followed your doctor’s ideas for bladder retraining. But bladder management remains a trouble. What else can you do? Ask your medical professional about treatment options.

Remedies are readily available for individuals with bladder management issues marked by unexpected, extreme urinary urges and urine leakage (overactive bladder and urge incontinence). Less treatment options exist for urine leakage prompted by motion or exercise, this kind of as coughing, sneezing or weighty lifting (tension incontinence).

This is a glance at prescription drugs normally prescribed to treat urinary incontinence and their attainable aspect effects. Keep in intellect that treatment blended with behavioral treatment may possibly be more productive than treatment alone.


How they do the job

Anticholinergic medicines block the motion of a chemical messenger — acetylcholine — that sends signals to your mind that result in irregular bladder contractions related with overactive bladder. These bladder contractions can make you come to feel the require to urinate even when your bladder is just not complete.

Anticholinergic prescription drugs consist of:

  • Oxybutynin (Ditropan XL, Oxytrol)
  • Tolterodine (Detrol)
  • Darifenacin (Enablex)
  • Solifenacin (Vesicare)
  • Trospium
  • Fesoterodine (Toviaz)

These prescription drugs are usually specified as a tablet or tablet that you just take by mouth. Oxybutynin is also readily available as a cream or skin patch that provides a steady sum of treatment.

It can just take various weeks ahead of your symptoms commence to enhance on this variety of treatment. It may possibly just take 12 weeks to have the complete impact.

Side effects

The most common aspect effects of anticholinergics are dry mouth and constipation. An prolonged-release variety, which you just take when a day, may possibly bring about fewer aspect effects than the rapid-release variations, which are usually taken a number of instances a day.

To counteract dry mouth, try sucking tricky candy or chewing gum to generate more saliva. Other a lot less common aspect effects consist of heartburn, blurry eyesight, quick heartbeat (tachycardia), flushed skin, urinary retention and cognitive aspect effects, this kind of as impaired memory and confusion.

If you use the oxybutynin skin patch, it may possibly bring about skin discomfort. Your medical professional may possibly advise that you rotate the area of your patch.

Mirabegron (Myrbetriq)

How it works

Mirabegron is a treatment accredited to treat sure sorts of urinary incontinence. It relaxes the bladder muscle and can raise the sum of urine your bladder can keep. It may possibly also raise the sum you are equipped to urinate at one time, assisting to vacant your bladder more entirely.

Side effects

Some common aspect effects of mirabegron consist of nausea, diarrhea, constipation, dizziness and headache. It can raise blood pressure, so your blood pressure ought to be monitored though on this drug.

In addition, it interacts with many prescription drugs, so make sure your medical professional appreciates which prescription drugs you are taking ahead of you commence taking mirabegron.

Onabotulinumtoxin variety A (Botox)

How it works

Injections of Botox into the bladder muscle may possibly gain individuals who have an overactive bladder. Botox blocks the steps of acetylcholine and paralyzes the bladder muscle.

Botox may possibly be beneficial for individuals who haven’t responded to other prescription drugs. Advantages can previous various months. Your medical professional may possibly advise repeat injections when or twice a yr.

Side effects

Studies have observed that Botox appreciably improves symptoms of incontinence and results in couple aspect effects. Some research signifies it may well raise urinary tract bacterial infections, but the information usually are not conclusive.

The Food items and Drug Administration (Food and drug administration) warns that adverse reactions including respiratory arrest and demise may well occur soon after the use of Botox for equally accredited and unapproved makes use of.


How it works

Right after menopause, a woman’s physique produces a lot less estrogen. This fall in estrogen may well contribute to deterioration of the supportive tissues around the bladder and urethra, weakening the tissues and likely aggravating tension incontinence.

Applying reduced-dose, topical estrogen in the variety of a vaginal cream, an estrogen-made up of ring or a patch may well support rejuvenate deteriorating tissues in the vagina and urinary tract and relieve some incontinence symptoms.

Topical estrogen may possibly not be advisable if you have a background of breast cancer, uterine cancer or equally. Speak with your medical professional about the probable threats.

Mix hormone substitution therapy (estrogen in addition progestin) is just not the identical as topical estrogen and is no for a longer time made use of to treat urinary incontinence. Oral estrogen substitution also is not the identical as topical estrogen, and it may possibly worsen incontinence symptoms.

Side effects

When made use of appropriately, topical estrogen therapy commonly does not bring about aspect effects.


How it works

Imipramine (Tofranil) is a tricyclic antidepressant. It tends to make the bladder muscle rest, though triggering the clean muscle tissues at the bladder neck to contract. It may well be made use of to treat blended incontinence — a mixture of urge and tension incontinence.

Imipramine can bring about drowsiness, so it truly is often taken at evening. Simply because of this, imipramine may well be practical for nighttime incontinence, as properly. It may well also be beneficial for youngsters who bed-soaked at evening (nocturnal enuresis). Imipramine is usually not a good match for older older people.

Side effects

Really serious aspect effects from imipramine are uncommon but can consist of cardiovascular issues, this kind of as irregular heartbeat and dizziness or fainting from reduced blood pressure when you stand up swiftly. Kids and older older people may well be especially inclined to these aspect effects.

Other aspect effects, including dry mouth, blurry eyesight and constipation, are very similar to those people of anticholinergics. Tricyclic antidepressants interact with many prescription drugs, so make sure your medical professional appreciates the other prescription drugs you are taking.


How it works

Duloxetine (Cymbalta) is a serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor that is accredited to treat melancholy and anxiety. It can support the urethral sphincter rest, so it can enhance urinary incontinence in some women. It may possibly be especially beneficial for women who have urinary incontinence and melancholy.

Side effects

Side effects of duloxetine can consist of nausea, dry mouth, dizziness, constipation, insomnia and tiredness. Gals who have long-term liver illness ought to not just take duloxetine. Be sure your medical professional appreciates your complete health care background ahead of you commence employing this drug.

See your medical professional

When talking to your medical professional, cautiously review all the prescription drugs you are taking, including in excess of-the-counter medicines or herbal treatments. Some prescription drugs make bladder management issues worse. Other folks can interact with incontinence prescription drugs in a way that will increase symptoms.

Your medical professional can support you choose if you require medicine to treat your bladder management trouble and, if so, which one may possibly be very best for you.